PHP AJAX Introduction

In this article, we are going to introduce you PHP AJAX and explain how to get started. It will include the fundamental concept of AJAX, such as sending HTTP requests, handling responses, using PHP to handle these requests, and how to use AJAX to respond to these requests with data that is relevant to the request.

Currently, AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is one of the most popular techniques used when building dynamic, responsive web applications in the field of web development.

AJAX, as a server-side scripting language, opens up the possibility of creating powerful and interactive web applications when combined with PHP, a server-side scripting language.

What is AJAX?

AJAX stands for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML. It’s a technology that allows you to update web pages without reloading them. When you use Ajax, your web page can communicate with a server in the background, retrieve data, and update the page without interrupting the user’s experience.

Ajax is particularly useful for creating dynamic web pages. For example, if you have a form on your web page and you want to validate the data without reloading the page, you can use Ajax. Or, if you have a list of products on your web page and you want to update the list without reloading the page, you can use Ajax.

There are many applications that use AJAX, including Google Maps, Gmail, Youtube, and Facebook tabs.

Note: If the content on a classic web page (which does not make use of AJAX) changes, then the whole page must be reloaded.

Php Ajax

AJAX is Based on Internet Standards

In order to perform an AJAX action, a combination of internet standards is used, including:

  • The XMLHttpRequest object contains data to be exchanged asynchronously with a server as part of the request process
  • It uses JavaScript/DOM (for the purpose of displaying and interacting with the information)
  • The style of the data can be determined by CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
  • Data is often transferred in the form of XML (a format that is most often used for exchanging data)

There is no platform or browser restriction with AJAX applications!

Google Suggest

By 2005, Google Suggest had made AJAX one of the most popular web technologies in the world.

It uses the AJAX technology in order to provide users with a dynamic interface on Google Suggest.

You can start typing letters in the Google search box, and JavaScript will send the letters off to a server and the server will respond with a list of suggestions based on your typed letters.

How to Use Ajax with PHP?

Now that you know the basics of PHP and AJAX, you can combine them to create even more powerful web applications.

To use Ajax with PHP, you’ll need to write some JavaScript code that sends a request to the server, and some PHP code that processes the request and sends a response back to the client.

Here are the basic steps:

Step 1: Create a HTML form

First, you’ll need to create a HTML form that contains the data you want to send to the server.

For example, if you have a form that asks for a user’s name and email address, your HTML might look like this:


<form> <label for="name">Name:</label> <input type="text" id="name" name="name"><label for="email">Email:</label> <input type="email" id="email" name="email"><input type="submit" value="Submit"> </form>

Step 2: Write the JavaScript code

Next, you’ll need to write some JavaScript code that sends a request to the server when the user submits the form.

Here’s an example:


$(document).ready(function() { $('form').submit(function(event) { // Prevent the form from submitting normally event.preventDefault(); // Send the data using post and put the results in a div $.ajax({ url: 'process.php', type: 'post', data: $('form').serialize(), success: function(data) { $('#result').html(data); } }); }); });

This code uses jQuery to attach a submit event handler to the form. When the user submits the form, the code prevents the form from submitting normally, and sends an Ajax request to the server using the data from the form.

The server’s response is then displayed in a div with the id “result“.

Step 3: Write the PHP code

Finally, you’ll need to write some PHP code that processes the request and sends a response back to the client.

Here’s an example:


<?php if ($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] === 'POST') { $name = $_POST['name']; $email = $_POST['email']; // Do some validation if (empty($name)) { echo 'Name is required'; } else if (empty($email)) { echo 'Email is required'; } else { echo "Hello $name, your email address is $email"; } } ?>

This code checks if the request method is POST, and then retrieves the data from the request using the $_POST superglobal.

Step 4: Create a PHP Ajax request

In this step, you will create a PHP file that will handle the Ajax request and send a response back to the web page.

Create a new file called “process.php” and add the following code:


<?phpif (isset($_POST['name'])) { $name = $_POST['name'];// Do some processing with the name $message = "Hello " . $name . ", welcome to our website!";// Send the response back to the web page echo $message; }?>

This PHP script will check if the name parameter has been sent through the POST method. If it has, it will process the name and send a response back to the web page.

Step 5: Test the Ajax request

Now that you have created the HTML, JavaScript, and PHP files, it is time to test the Ajax request. Open the “index.html” file in your web browser and enter your name in the input field. Click on the “Submit” button and you should see a message that says “Hello [your name], welcome to our website!” appear on the page.

Congratulations, you have successfully created an Ajax request using PHP and JavaScript!


PHP and AJAX are two powerful technologies that can help you create dynamic and interactive web pages.

PHP allows you to perform server-side tasks and generate HTML, while AJAX allows you to make asynchronous requests to the server and update the page content without refreshing the whole page.

By combining PHP and AJAX, you can create web applications that are fast, responsive, and engaging.

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