HTML Canvas References

html canvas ref

HTML Canvas Reference

Our topic is Ref canvas. Graphics can be drawn on the fly with HTML‘s <canvas> tag via scripting (mostly JavaScript).

You can discover more about HTML <canvas> by checking out our HTML Canvas page.

HTML Canvas Reference Benefits

HTML Canvas is a powerful feature that allows developers to create and manipulate graphics, animations, and other visual elements directly within a web page. Here are some benefits of using HTML Canvas:

  • Dynamic visuals: With HTML Canvas, developers can create dynamic visuals that respond to user input, data, and other factors. This allows for more engaging and interactive web pages that can captivate and hold the attention of users.
  • Versatility: HTML Canvas can be used for a wide range of purposes, from simple graphics and charts to complex animations and games. This versatility makes it a valuable tool for developers who want to create unique and compelling web content.
  • Speed: Because HTML Canvas is rendered directly on the client-side, it can be much faster than other graphics technologies that require server-side processing. This can result in a more responsive and seamless user experience.
  • Cross-platform compatibility: HTML Canvas is supported by all major web browsers, which means that developers can create content that works across multiple platforms and devices.
  • Customization: HTML Canvas provides developers with a high degree of control over the appearance and behavior of graphics and other visual elements. This allows for more customized and tailored web content that can meet the specific needs of users and businesses.

Shadows, colors, and styles

HTML provides numerous ways to customize the visual appearance of web pages, which includes incorporating design elements like shadows, colors, and styles. These design elements play a vital role in enhancing the user experience and making the content more accessible for users with different requirements.

Shadows can be employed to create a 3D effect for HTML components, generating the impression of layers and giving the overall design a lift. Colors can be utilized to produce contrast and highlight significant elements and to build a brand identity using a consistent color scheme.

Styles are the most adaptable design element in HTML and can be used to modify the appearance of text, links, buttons, and other components. They can be utilized to maintain a consistent look and feel across the web page or create unique visual elements that grab the user’s attention.

Through the creative use of shadows, colors, and styles, you can create web pages that are both visually pleasing and practical, making them more accessible to all users.

shadowColorReturns the color that is specified as a shadow color or sets it.
shadowOffsetYThe vertical space between the shape and the shadow in the Ref canvas can be specified or returned.
strokeStyleStroke color, gradient, or pattern is specified or returned.
fillStyleSpecifies or returns the color, gradient, or pattern to be used for filling the drawing.
shadowOffsetXThis function specifies or returns the horizontal space between the shape and the shadow.
shadowBlurShadow blur levels can be specified or returned.
addColorStop()In a gradient object, the color and stop coordinates can be determined.
createPattern()Indicates the direction in which an element should be replicated.
createRadialGradient()Generates a radial or circular gradient (to be applied to canvas content).
createLinearGradient()Sets a linear gradient (to be applied to canvas content).

Line Styles

HTML provides you with a variety of line styles that can be used to enhance the appearance of web pages.

lineJoinWhen two lines meet, this function defines or returns the type of corner that is created.
lineWidthThe current line width in the Ref canvas is defined or returned.
lineCapThe style of the end caps for a line can be configured or returned in Ref canvas.
miterLimitA max miter length can be specified and optionally returned.


In addition to basic rectangle shapes, HTML also allows you to customize the appearance of rectangles in a number of ways. This includes changing the color, border style, and size of the rectangle, as well as adding rounded corners or other decorative elements.

strokeRect()Creates a rectangle without filling it in.
fillRect()Creates a rectangle that is “filled”.
rect()The method creates a rectangle.
clearRect()This function clears the pixels within a rectangle that have been provided.


Paths can be used to create a variety of shapes, from simple geometric shapes to more complex designs like logos and icons. HTML provides several ways to create paths, including the use of the <svg> element, which is commonly used for creating scalable vector graphics.

In addition to creating basic shapes, paths can also be customized in a number of ways. This includes changing the stroke color and width of the path, as well as adding fills, gradients, and other decorative elements.

clip()It allows you to clip portions of any shape or size from the original canvas.
beginPath()Start a new path, or restart the current one.
moveTo()Instead of creating a line in the Ref canvas, the path is shifted to the chosen location in the canvas.
closePath()The current position is returned to the starting position by making a path.
quadraticCurveTo()This function generates a quadratic Bézier curve.
bezierCurveTo()This function generates a cubic Bézier curve.
fill()Creates a path that fills the current drawing.
stroke()Essentially, the path you defined is drawn.
arc()It generates arcs and curves (used to draw circles and parts of circles).
arcTo()The function generates an arc or curve between pairs of tangents.
lineTo()A new point is appended to the canvas and a line is drawn from the previous point to the newly added point.
isPointInPath()This function returns true if the referred point is in the current path, or else it returns false.


HTML provides you with a powerful set of tools for transforming and manipulating the appearance of elements on a web page. Transformations can be used to rotate, scale, skew, or translate elements, creating visually dynamic and engaging designs.

Transformations are achieved through the use of CSS properties, such as transform and translate, which allow developers to manipulate the position and orientation of elements on a web page. In addition to basic transformations, you can also use CSS to create more complex effects, such as 3D transforms and animations.

rotate()The current drawing is turned around.
translate()In Ref canvas, reset the (0,0) coordinates.
transform()The existing transformation matrix for the drawing is updated
scale()Increases or decreases the size of the current drawing.
setTransform()This function resets the current transform to the identity matrix. Afterwards, execute transform().


Text is a fundamental component of any web page, providing the primary means of communicating information to users. HTML provides you with a wide range of tools for customizing and styling text, allowing them to create visually engaging and effective designs.

HTML text can be customized in a variety of ways, including changing font styles, sizes, and colors. Developers can also use CSS properties to adjust text alignment, spacing, and line height, as well as add decorative elements like drop shadows, gradients, and textures.

fontThis function specifies or returns the existing font properties for a piece of text.
textBaselineWhile drawing text, this function specifies or returns the current text baseline.
strokeText()Creates a text drawing on the canvas without filling it in
measureText()Provides an object containing the width of the corresponding text.
fillText()On the canvas, create “filled” text.

Image Drawing

Images are a powerful and essential element of web design, allowing developers to create visually engaging and dynamic web pages. HTML provides you with a variety of tools for designing and customizing images, from basic sizing and positioning to more complex effects like filters and animations.

With HTML, you can adjust the size and aspect ratio of images to fit seamlessly within their web pages. They can also use CSS properties to apply filters, such as sepia, grayscale, or blur, to images, creating unique and visually interesting effects.

drawImage()Image, canvas, or video can be created on the canvas.

Pixel Manipulation

Pixel manipulation in HTML can be particularly useful in creating visualizations, such as charts and graphs, and in enhancing images for use in web design. By leveraging the power of HTML pixel manipulation, you can create visually stunning and dynamic web pages that engage users and convey important information in a meaningful way.

heightImageData objects are returned by their height.
widthImageData objects are returned by their width.
dataThis method returns an object containing image data from a given ImageData object.
putImageData()The image data (from an ImageData object) is placed back on the canvas.
getImageData()Copy and returns the pixel data for the provided rectangle on a canvas using an ImageData object.
createImageData()Makes an ImageData object from scratch.


HTML compositing involves the process of layering different elements or images on a web page to form complex visuals. This technique enables developers to blend various elements, change their transparency, and create unique visual effects.

One of the commonly used methods for compositing in HTML is the CSS property “opacity,” which permits developers to adjust an element’s transparency to achieve a specific effect. Additionally, the “z-index” property is another technique for compositing in HTML that determines the layering order of elements, enabling developers to create a sense of depth and dimensionality on a web page.

In web design, HTML compositing can help create visually appealing interfaces and dynamic effects such as animations. This technique enhances both the aesthetic and functional aspects of a web page, making it engaging and visually stimulating. By utilizing the power of HTML compositing, you can design web pages that are not only functional but also aesthetically appealing.

globalCompositeOperationSpecifies or returns the way a new image will be drawn on top of the current one.
globalAlphaThe present transparency or alpha value of the drawing is specified or returned.


You can also use the following methods:

getContext()The canvas data can be retrieved.
save()The existing context state is stored.
restore()The earlier saved state and attributes of the directory are returned.
toDataURL()Create a URL for data inside the canvas.
createEvent()In Canvas, create an event.

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