Introduction to Tailwind CSS
Tailwind CSS is a utility-first CSS framework that has gained popularity for its ease of use and flexibility. It provides a comprehensive set of pre-defined CSS classes that can be used to build custom user interfaces quickly and efficiently.
Tailwind CSS was created by Adam Wathan, Jonathan Reinink, David Hemphill, and Steve Schoger, and was first released in 2017. It has since become one of the most popular CSS frameworks available, due in large part to its unique approach to building interfaces.
Unlike traditional CSS frameworks like Bootstrap or Foundation, which provide a pre-defined set of UI components, Tailwind CSS focuses on providing a comprehensive set of low-level utility classes that can be combined to create custom UI components.
This approach allows developers to create unique designs that are not limited by the pre-defined components provided by traditional frameworks.
With Tailwind CSS, you can style websites efficiently.
With the Tailwind CSS framework, you can quickly build custom user interfaces using CSS.
It’s a highly customizable, low-level CSS framework that allows you to create custom designs without burdening you with opinionated styles which must be overridden.
The great thing about Tailwind is that it doesn’t impose design specifications on your website.
You can create unique interfaces by combining tiny components. Tailwind takes a raw CSS file, processes it over a configuration file, and outputs it.
Why Tailwind CSS?
Tailwind CSS is a popular choice for web developers for several reasons. Here are some of the main reasons why you might choose to use Tailwind CSS for your next web development project:
- Tailwind CSS provides a comprehensive set of low-level utility classes that can be combined in various ways to create custom user interfaces. This allows you to create unique designs that are not limited by pre-defined UI components.
- Because all of the styling is achieved through a set of pre-defined classes, there is no need to write custom CSS for every new element on the page. This makes it easier to maintain and update the codebase, and also provides a consistent and predictable styling system.
- It can significantly speed up the development process by providing a large set of pre-defined classes that can be used to quickly style UI components. This can save time and reduce the amount of custom CSS that needs to be written.
- Despite its pre-defined set of classes, Tailwind CSS is highly customizable. You can easily modify the styling of the utility classes or create your own custom classes to meet the specific needs of your project.
- Tailwind CSS has a large and active community of developers who have created a wide range of plugins, extensions, and tools to extend the functionality of the framework. This can make it easier to find solutions to common problems and learn from other developers.
Tailwind CSS Installation
To get started with Tailwind CSS, you’ll need to install it into your project.
It can be used in two ways: by installing it on your server or by using the CDN link.
Web Browser support:
- Google Chrome
- Microsoft Edge
In addition to these modern web browsers, Tailwind also supports older versions of these browsers, including Internet Explorer 11. However, using older browser versions may require additional configuration and workarounds, as some of the newer CSS features that Tailwind relies on may not be fully supported.
Install Tailwind Through npm
Before you can install Tailwind CSS, you’ll need to have a package manager installed.
The two most popular package managers are npm and Yarn. If you don’t already have one installed, you can download and install it from their respective websites.
First Step: To initialize a new project with a package.json file, run the following command in your terminal:
npm init -y
Step 2: Once you have a project set up, you can install Tailwind CSS using your package manager.
To install the latest version of Tailwind CSS, run the following command in your terminal:
npm install tailwindcss
Step 3: After installing, you’ll need to create a configuration file for it. You can generate a default configuration file by running the following command in your terminal:
npx tailwindcss init
Step 4: Finally, you’ll need to inject Tailwind’s base, component, and utility styles into your CSS file using the @tailwind directive.
@tailwind base; @tailwind components; @tailwind utilities;
Step 5: In this command, style.css is the file that needs to be compiled, and output.css is the file on which it should be compiled. The file output.css will be created automatically if it has not been created earlier.
npx tailwindcss build styles.css -o output.css
That’s it! With Tailwind CSS installed and included in your project through npm method, you can start using its utility classes to style your HTML elements.
Or Use Tailwind CDN
While Tailwind CSS is used through CDN’s, it does have some limitations. Here are some of the main limitations to consider:
- You cannot customize Tailwind’s default theme.
- It is not possible to use directives like @apply, @variants, etc.
- Third-party plugins cannot be installed.
- Tailwind CSS is highly customizable, some developers may find that it is not as flexible as writing custom CSS from scratch.
- Tailwind CSS requires specific tooling to be used effectively, such as a build tool like Webpack or PostCSS. If you are not familiar with these tools, it may take some time to set up your development environment correctly.
Overall, Tailwind CSS provides a powerful and flexible approach to building user interfaces that can save time and provide a consistent and predictable styling system. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced developer, Tailwind CSS is definitely worth considering for your next web development project.